An analysis of the world war two and the australian public response

australian home front ww2 essay

Consequently, these services were relatively underdeveloped, and they remained so during the first years of the war. Two of these divisions would have been used on garrison duties, while a brigade group may have been made available for British-led operations in South East Asia and the remaining division was to take part in the invasion of Japan.

Other women in urban areas took up employment in industries, such as munitions production. Despite the difficulties and hardships experienced on the home front, many Australians remember this time for its sense of unity, a time when people worked hard and pulled together.

During this year the Army's strength peaked at eleven infantry divisions—the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 9th, 10th11th and 12th Divisions —and three armoured divisions—the 1st, 2nd and 3rd —organised into the First and Second Armiesand I, II and III Corpsas well as many support and service units.

National Archives of Australia The acceptance of Australia's offer of troops saw an outpouring of newspaper coverage on the beginning of the war:. Over 30, Australian servicemen were taken prisoner in the Second World War.

Germany, in support of Austria-Hungary, invaded neutral Belgium and Luxembourg and advanced on France, prompting Britain to declare war against the Germans on August 4, By anti-aircraft batteries were in place around all the major cities as well as the key towns in northern Australia.

australias involvement in ww2 essay

So far as the defences go here and now in Australia, I want to make it quite clear that all our resources in Australia are in the Empire and for the Empire and for the preservation and security of the Empire.

Several units, such as Z and M Special Unitswere also raised for irregular warfare as were 12 commando companies.

How did australia react to world war 1

This situation resulted in administrative and structural problems that existed throughout the war, as well as a sometimes bitter professional rivalry between the men of the two forces. Ultimately, while their structure was better suited to operations in Australia, they were no longer able to be used against the Japanese. Japan followed up their success at Pearl Harbour with a series of victories, resulting in the occupation of most of south-east Asia and large areas of the Pacific by the end of March The urgent need was to increase available manpower for the services and munitions production. Over 30, Australian servicemen were taken prisoner in the Second World War. Corps troops included a machine-gun battalion, and various engineer, logistics and communication units. The majority of these died in early during the fighting in Malaya and Singapore where 41 nurses were killed. After expanding its territories throughout Korea and China, Japan sought to extend territory through south-east Asia but realised that would not be tenable to the United States — so Japan engineered an extremely successful pre-emptory strike on the US Naval Fleet stationed at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, in December While they mainly worked in clerical and administrative positions, and auxiliary roles such as drivers and signallers, many served in anti-aircraft batteries, operating radars and searchlights but not the guns themselves. On 7 May the German High Command authorised the signing of an unconditional surrender on all fronts: the war in Europe was over. Many road transport units were raised to move supplies around Australia, while the Royal Australian Engineers eventually operated a fleet of 1, watercraft and three air maintenance companies were formed to load supply aircraft. Meanwhile, the Military Board was responsible for the administration of the Army, with regular members consisting of the Deputy Adjutant-General, the Chief of Intelligence, the Chief of the General Staff, the Chief of Ordnance and a civilian Finance Member, in addition to a number of consultative members, under the overall control of the Minister of the Defence. However, during the early years of the war women were generally unable to make a significant contribution to the war effort in any official capacity.

World War I: How Australia reacted to the outbreak of conflict Updated August 04, Map: Australia By mid Australians were aware through their newspapers of the rising tensions and dangers of war in Europe. That being so, you will see how grave is the situation.

australian homefront ww2

Like its predecessor, the Second AIF was a volunteer force formed by establishing entirely new units.

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The Second World War / RSL NSW