Can a literature review include websites

literature review example for research proposal

But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper? Magazines intended for a general audience, e. So, despite having access to electronic databases and to electronic searching techniques, it can be surprisingly useful to have a pile of journals actually on your desk, and to look through the contents pages, and the individual articles.

How to write a literature review

What discipline s am I working in e. A conceptual diagram of the need for different types of literature reviews depending on the amount of published research papers and literature reviews. The contribution you make is organizing the ideas from the sources into a cogent argument or narrative that includes your perspectives. Berkeley, Calif. Books tend to be less up-to-date as it takes longer for a book to be published than for a journal article. A diversity of feedback perspectives on a literature review can help identify where the consensus view stands in the landscape of the current scientific understanding of an issue [24]. This is probably a good time to decide whether to go for a mini- or a full review. Discussion and development of theories often appear in books.

Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. It is challenging to achieve a successful review on all these fronts.

Literature review tips

Having a lot of literature to report on can feel overwhelming. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field. Weidenborner, S. A literature review is generally much more exploratory than an annotated bibliography, and must pull together the information that is presented in many disparate sources to form one, cohesive picture of the research field. Your professors or research supervisors will have their own ideas about what kind of sources to include in your literature review, so be sure to consult with them. Do not include purely historical or informational material, such as information from websites. They are based on my experience and include a healthy dose of my own opinion. In journal articles this step is done to some degree but in websites you're on your own. Some journals specialized in publishing Internet-related research such as Journal of Medical Internet Research may also provide useful format-related examples in their guide to the authors.

Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. Sources that are OK to use in moderation Credible edited journals that may not be peer-reviewed, but are highly respected in a professional field; edited conference proceedings; papers from well-respected research institutes or think tanks.

Help is available regarding how to avoid plagiarism and it is worth checking it out. Discussion of both the distinctiveness of each source and its similarities with the others.

Definition of literature review by famous authors

What is critical writing? My advice is, while reading, to start writing down interesting pieces of information, insights about how to organize the review, and thoughts on what to write. Similarly, if there are some studies that you will be referring to more than to others, it would be useful to give them a full report and critique at this stage. Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. However, if you feel it necessary to use quotations, use them sparingly. Often, the literature review will end with a statement of the research question s. This will then provide you with a long reference list, and some evaluation of the references it contains. Methodological: A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material. Theories are developed over time; consequently, it takes longer to publish on theories compared to studies.

This square may be circled by discussing the wider implications of the reviewed topic for other disciplines. If you have a theoretical foundation or framework section in your literature review, it may be necessary to use books and older foundational articles to explain and support theories.

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Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review