Limitation of trait theory
General Strengths and Limitations of Trait Perspectives While trait theories are useful in categorizing behavior, they have been criticized by a number of psychologists. Passive or aggressive? They are the basic building blocks that shape most of our behavior.
Another criticism is that trait theories do not explain why an individual behaves in a certain way. The trait theory also generalizes by putting people into groups based on their results in personality inventories.
Instead, our personalities are typically composed of multiple traits. The subjective experiences of the theorists involved also do not influence the theories, as many argue is the case with Freudian or Jungian analysis.
Some psychologists argue that the situational variables i. The idea of categorizing people by traits can be traced back as far as Hippocrates; however more modern theories have come from Gordon Allport, Raymond Cattell, and Hans Eysenck.
The theory identifies the specific personality traits that distinguish leaders from non-leaders. Leaders that have these skills are the enthusiastic motivators of the group and they have an intense desire to lead others to reach shared goals.
Trait theory of leadership ppt
There is also a disagreement over which traits are the most important for an effective leader The model attempts to relate physical traits such as, height and weight, to effective leadership. Cardinal traits are powerful, but few people have personalities dominated by a single trait. He also hypothesized that neuroticism was determined by individual differences in the limbic system, the part of the human brain involved in emotion, motivation, and emotional association with memory. Most of these factors relate to situational factors. Keep in mind, however, that just as trait theory has its limitations in reliability and rigidity, so do applications of personality trait assessments. The subject is judged by the answers of their questions compared to others. The trait theory also promotes difference in traits in individuals and the influence of traits on behaviors. The Western states tend to measure high in agreeableness. The trait theory is used to determine the cause of behaviors in individuals compared to others. Key Terms Factor analysis: A statistical method used to describe variability among observed, correlated variables in terms of a potentially lower number of unobserved variables called factors. Similarly, the assembly of traits is also notably poor at predicting behavior. Both of these measures are subjective and can fall prey to observer bias and other forms of inaccuracy. In , Ralph Melvin Stogdill did a study that suggested leadership is based off of social situational interaction and not predefined traits Cherry, Contrasting and comparing it from other theories was utmost informational, especially from several scholar articles.
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