Pre spanish government of the philippines

land ownership in the philippines under spain summary

Royal grants and devises formed the core of their holdings, but many arbitrary extensions were made beyond the boundaries of the original grants.

The code was first ever written law that deals and focuses on the penalty for those who are lazy, while the Code of Kalantiaw was writtem by the Datu from Negros, Datu Kalantiaw.

philippine history spanish period pdf

But abusive treatment of the local tribute payers and neglect of religious instruction by encomenderos collectors of the tributeas well as frequent withholding of revenues from the crown, caused the Spanish to abandon the system by the end of the 17th century. During this period, the Japanese established a trading post at Aparri and maintained a loose sway over northern Luzon.

Politics in the pre-spanish to spanish period

In terms of marriage, they only marry their own kind to maintain the purity of their bloodline. However, only some few affluent got titles to their land and were allowed to exact tributes from peasants. Thus, they were an invaluable source of information to the colonial government. During this time, the people of the kingdom was already in contact with Chinese traders, as seen through archaeological evidences which includes Chinese ceramics and other Chinese objects. Agricultural technology changed very slowly until the late 18th century, as shifting cultivation gradually gave way to more intensive sedentary farming, partly under the guidance of the friars. The Ternateans at the time were allied to the Portuguese. The kingdom was first built with hardwood on the soft seabed. Indianization and the emergence of Suyat scripts onwards [ edit ] Main article: Suyat Baybayin , one of the many suyat scripts formed in the Philippines In a book entitled Tubod The Heart of Bohol published and accredited by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts of the Philippines, around the 12th century, a group of people from Northern Mindanao settled in the straight between mainland Bohol and the neighbouring island of Panglao. This is the ancient tagalog script the Baybayin script. The fluidity of the social system was in part the consequence of a bilateral kinship system in which lineage was reckoned equally through the male and female lines. According to literature, some Igorot people were always at war with the lowlanders from the west, the Ilokanos. During the Spanish colonization the government had 2 branches the executive and judicial. This illustration is the helping hand of very person in the community. They were free from colonization, until they were overcame by the Islamic subjugations of the Sultanate of Sulu in the 13th century.

The house was very simple, it has a single room enough for a couple to live in. Marriage was apparently stable, though divorce was socially acceptable under certain circumstances.

To this day the Spanish presence could be seen through the Filipino customs, cultural norms, and traditions. But the dispersed demographic patterns of the old barangays largely persisted.

These heirs of pre-Spanish nobility were known as the principalia and played an important role in the friar-dominated local government.

why did spain colonize the philippines
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The phil government in transition2