The contemporary era
I would add a third reason for my rejection of the Anthropocene as the focus of contemporary archaeology: it puts all emphasis on relations between humans and non- humans and between non-humans.
The term began its use around the late s and early s, and has been used up to the present with the availability of the Internet.
Contemporary history topics
The third element has to do with things. In the case of the archaeology of the recent past, however, this duality is not so clear: recollection and recognition are inextricably and uncannily linked. I am interested here mainly in the first meaning of the term and in the idea of assemblage, because it is the destruction associated to irreversible change that contributes more to the creation of the archaeological record Lucas My point is that if we are ready to accept the influence of capitalism and modernity in unnaturally changing global environmental conditions, we should be equally willing to accept that they can bring catastrophic changes to human societies—as can be seen in the loss of language diversity or the destruction of cultural landscapes. This, however, is not necessarily the case in this very heterogeneous and fast-growing field. But I cannot endorse the idea that the divide between modern and non-modern societies is arbitrary or necessarily unhelpful see also Orser Summary In this chapter, I have examined different schools of contemporary archaeology to contextualise the present work. This runs the risk of downplaying conflictual and assymetric relations between humans. The archaeological record is, according to almost any definition, what is not functioning and therefore it should be the status in which the qualities of the thing or at least its unsurmountable obscurity becomes more manifest. There is, however, a general understanding that the record involves both the residues of past assemblages and the archive produced by archaeological interventions Lucas
Eliminating the meaning, all forms of taking a stand in favour of disengagement, of the absence of confrontation with history and time, flattening out on the sole formal and linguistic problems, is what allows the market to have an ideal product, fast and easy to consume, which, like the market, knows no rules, except that of having to burn and consume this product quickly and with maximum profit, replacing it immediately with the next.
This goes hand in hand with large scale modification of sedimentary processes, changes in the geochemical signatures of sediments and ice and other biotic, isotopic and climatic transformations.
With its focus on dark modernities, the present work avowedly identifies itself primarily with the European and Latin traditions.
The concept of anagnorisis was developed by Aristotle in his Poetics. They were therefore extended by successive abbots, despite a constant stream of difficulties: scarce money, the community's expulsions in and forcing the monks to live in private houses in Solesmes village and surrounding areaexile in England from toworld wars, etc.
Postmodernity, late modernity, late capitalism and even supermodernity refer to the period after This runs the risk of downplaying conflictual and assymetric relations between humans.
It is also more accurate than late modernity, which is perhaps the most common term among sociologists e.
Contemporary era literature
I will, however, keep away from metaphysics. A usual criticism to contemporary archaeologists—or at least one that I have heard many times—is that even if there are no documents, there are eye-witness accounts. I will thus start by exploring the diversity of the field and its regional traditions, so as to locate my own research, and then will defend the usefulness of archaeology to characterise the era in which we live. The transition from modernism to postmodernism is marked by a precedent in art. Following the Second World War, with the destruction it caused in Europe and the persecution of intellectuals by the Nazis, many of them took refuge in the United States, resulting in a shift of the cultural center from Paris to the new world. The United States perfectly understood that the real weapon of conquest was this, much more effective than conventional military weapons, the colonization of the imaginary through the models of infinite media reproducibility, continuously proposed by cinema, television, advertising and art that took on the language and symbols. The idea of interruption is one of the basic tenets of this book, to which I will return to it in the next chapter. There is something alarming in anagnorisis, therefore, that is absent in anamnetic recollection Assmann Major terrorist events after the 11 September Attacks include the Moscow Theatre Siege , the Istanbul bombings , the Madrid train bombings , the Beslan school hostage crisis , the London bombings , the October New Delhi bombings , and the Mumbai Hotel Siege. The Cold War began in and lasted until The post world experienced the establishment of many new states. This, however, is not necessarily the case in this very heterogeneous and fast-growing field. For them, attitudes towards things have not changed significantly in recent times.
Yet important as they are, witness accounts are notoriously complex to work with and cannot be taken as an immediate reflection of past events.
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