Beforehistoriography dealt chiefly with nationalist themes that supported the anti-democratic political agenda of the state.
Confucianism had already had a big impact on the Chinese culture and on the lives of the Chinese as well.
The book, the first to give a systematic introduction to women's history in China, has strongly influenced further research in this field.
Gender difference in this period favored literate women who were free to write in the expressive, popular vernacular language, while men most often wrote in the more formal, inaccessible, classical Chinese.
Women of most ethnic minorities, including Hakka and Manchu women, did not practice it, nor did some peasants who had to work in the fields, nor did women in Japan. The social and political climate of the s in particular, favorable in many ways to women, gave opportunities for Japanese women's historiography and also brought the subject fuller academic recognition.
They lived under the dictate of their parents until they were married and once married lived under the rule of their husbands. According to Ban Zhao, a woman does not have to have brilliant and exceptional compared to others to achieve womanly virtue, it is about the ways a woman takes care herself and how she conducts her actions that symbolize her virtues.
Using the concept of gender has shifted the focus from women to socially and culturally constructed notions of sexual difference.