Writing a good research literature review

How to write a literature review for dummies

This makes you wonder about American whaling methods during the time portrayed in Moby Dick, so you find some academic articles published in the last five years on how accurately Herman Melville portrayed the whaling scene in his novel. Ask your professor or a scholar in the field if you are missing any key works in the field. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. Examples of a published literature review Literature reviews are often published as scholarly articles, books, and reports. When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem. Then you look up a book written in with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do. This section requires critical interpretation by the author such that the review adds value to existing literature. The sources support what Falk and Mills are saying. You can use our free citation software to quickly create correct and consistent APA citations or MLA format citations. Note however that more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. A literature review in this sense is just like any other academic research paper. For instance, the sperm whale review could focus on the development of the harpoon for whale hunting. Hamilton found that people imagined 3.

Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context. Summarize and synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review.

The subsections might include how they are personified, how their proportions are exaggerated, and their behaviors misunderstood.

Literature review structure

Compare your paper with over 60 billion web pages and 30 million publications. You can find out how many times an article has been cited on Google Scholar—high citation counts mean the article has been influential in the field. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers. Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for more varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature. Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies. This section of the literature review focuses on the theme of wilderness, while the paragraph itself is organized chronologically. A thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored.

Present the problem clearly. These studies are based on a well-defined strategy unlike narrative reviews. In this contribution, I share ten simple rules I learned working on about 25 literature reviews as a PhD and postdoctoral student.

This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made. Were the results effectively interpreted and reported?

For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. Clear categorization of sources selected into those in support of your particular position, those opposed, and those offering completely different arguments. What are the key theories, models and methods?

Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred.

writing a good research literature review

The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a long historical perspective for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time.

The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a good survey of the material.

what is literature review in research methodology

But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper?

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Literature Reviews